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Seawater Property Changes in the Southern Ocean

Now Archived! The PolarConnect event with Juan Botella and the research team on Thursday, 14 April 2011 is now archived. Access the archive here.

Meet the Team

Teacher - Juan Botella

Juan Botella's picture
Monona Grove High School
Monona , Wisconsin
United States

Juan is very excited to be able to return to Antarctica working with his students. When his 2011 PolarTREC experience came to an end, and he was trying to assimilate all the amazing events of that expedition, he thought the only way it could have been better is to have had his family and students with him. He now has the opportunity to fulfill part of this dream by working side by side with three amazing high school students. Juan obtained a masters degree in oceanography through a joint program between the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology before becoming a teacher. What he enjoyed the most during his graduate studies was being in the field and being able to communicate the science with other people. He decided to become a teacher so he would be able to help more people understand and enjoy science. Juan has the pleasure of teaching physics, climate and weather, and astronomy. When Juan is not teaching or enjoying time with his two kids and wife, he is cooking, playing soccer, taking pictures, cross country skiing, biking and jogging.

Sobre Juan:
Juan está muy emocionado de poder regresar a la Antártida para trabajar con sus estuduantes. Cuando terminó su expedición PolrTREC en el 2011, y Juan intentaba asimilar la cantidad de experiancias que había vivido, él creyó que la única forma en que la expedición podría haber mejorado era viajando con la familia o con sus estuduantes. Ahora tiene la oportunidad de vivir este nuevo sueño al trabajar con tres estuduantes maravillosos.

Juan obtuvo una maestría Oceanografía en el programa entre el Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution y el Massachusetts Institute of Technology antes de convertirse en maestro de escuela. Lo que más le gustó en sus tiempos de estudiante de posgrado fue el estar en el campo haciendo investigaciones y el comunicar la ciencia a otras personas. Decidió dedicarse a la enseñanza para poder ayudar a más gente entender y disfrutar de las ciencias. Juan tiene el placer de enseñar Física, Astronomía y Meteorología y Climatología. Cuando no se encuentra en el salón de clases, Juan disfruta su tiempo con su esposa y sus dos hijos, o cocinando, jugando fútbol, tomando fotografías, esquiando, en andando en bicicleta o corriendo.

Researcher - Jim Swift

Jim Swift's picture
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego
La Jolla , California
United States

James Swift is a Research Oceanographer and Academic Administrator at the University of California San Diego Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California. His scientific interests include ocean circulation and ocean measurements, particularly of the Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas. He has visited most of the worlds oceans, participated in 30 oceanographic expeditions, and has spent over two and a half years of his life at sea!

Dr. Swift is the Chief Scientist for the expedition aboard the N.B. Palmer. As a leader in polar and ocean sciences, he has served on many national committees and in many leadership roles. Among them, Dr. Swift is the coordinator for the US Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography program, which is providing valuable data on the role of the oceans in global change. He also directs an international oceanographic data office called the CCHDO
which stands for CLIVAR and Carbon Hydrographic Data Office which provides decades of data about the world's oceans to scientists and other users.

Dr. Swift is also an amateur musician, playing as second bassoonist in his community orchestra, the La Jolla Symphony. He is also married with two grown daughters and one granddaughter.

James Swift es un Investigador en Oceanografía y Administrador Académico en el Scripps Institution of Oceanography de la Universidad de California SanDiego en la Jolla, California. Sus intereses científicos incluyen la circulación y mediciones oceánicas, particularmente en el Océano Ártico y los Mares Nórdicos. Ha estado en casi todos los océanos al participar en mas de 30 expediciones cientificas. ¡Todo esto suma casi dos años y medio de su vida en el mar!

El Dr. Swift es el investigador principal de la expedición abordo del N.H. Palmer. Como lider de las ciencias oceánicas y polares ha participado en varios comités nacionales en diversos roles de liderazgo. Dentro de estos, el Dr. Swift es el coordinador del US Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography (Carbono Oceánico Global e Hydrografía repetida de los EU), el cual está aportando información invaluable sobre el cambio en el papel que desempeñan los océanos a partir del cambio climático. También dirige un oficina internacional de datos oceanográficos llamada CCHDO (CLIVAR and Carbon Hydrographic Dat Office), la cual almacena décadas de datos sobre nuestros oceanos para que puedan ser usados por nuestros científicos.

El Dr. Swift es un músico amateur. Es el segundo bassoon en la orquesta de su comunidad, La Jolla Symphony. Está casado y tiene dos hijas mayores y una nieta.

Journals

April 27, 2011 Is it over?

The Journey I am at Dallas-Fort Worth airport three hours from seeing my family. It is already hard to believe I was here 78 days ago full of illusion and expectation for the trip to come. The experience, which fulfilled those expectations, is now over, but it will take me a lot of time to...

April 25, 2011 Punta Arenas

Strait of Magellan
Our time aboard the Palmer has come to an end when we arrived in Punta Arenas, Chile, after an uneventful sailing across the Strait of Magallanes last Saturday. The water is no longer of a deep blue color, but a whitish green. We got to see plenty oil exploration platforms along the strait.

April 23, 2011 Penguins again, this time on board

Penguins on board the Palmer
Today we will reach Punta Arenas, Chile. Everybody is extremely excited to be back on land. I have mixed feelings, since I probably will not go to sea in any other expedition like this one, but it has also been a long time away from the family, so I am happy to start heading back home. I plan to...

April 22, 2011 Crossing ceremony

Dance troupe in the Palmer
The crossing ceremony finally arrived this morning, but I will not be able to tell you much about it because I could not participate on it. I suffer of chronic headaches, and yesterday's was particularly terrible. I was in no shape this morning for the ceremony. Too bad, since everybody says it...

April 21, 2011 Weight swings

Correct weight measurements on the Palmer
Look at he following picture and What is wrong with the following picture and think about what is wrong. It shows the same laboratory scale with the same objects on top. Same scale gives two correct weights for the same objects due to changes in acceleration There is nothing wrong. The objects...

Project Information

Cruise S4P/2011 for the US Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography Program
Icebreaker N.B. Palmer in the Southern Ocean and Drake Passage
8 February 2011
25 April 2011

Where are They?

The team will travel to McMurdo Station, Antarctica where they will board the research icebreaker Nathanial B. Palmer. They will sail via the Southern Ocean and Drake Passage to Punta Arenas, Chile.

The vessel is named after Nathaniel Palmer, the first American credited with sighting Antarctica. It can operate safely year-round in Antarctic waters, and is capable of supporting about four dozen scientists on expeditions that last for months. Learn more about life aboard the N.B. Palmer.

¿Dónde están?

El equipo científico viajará a la Estación McMurdo en la Antártida, donde abordarán el rompehielos de investigación Nathaniel B. Palmer. Navegarán por el Mar del Sur hasta el Pasaje de Drake, o Mar de Hoces, para terminar el viaje en Punta Arenas, Chile.

El navío lleva el nombre de Nathaniel Palmer, el primer Americano al que se le acredita el haber visto la Antártida. El buque puede operar durante todo el año en las aguas dela Antártida, y es capaz de llevar hasta cuatro docenas de científicos en expediciones que pueden durar varios meses. Aprende más sobre la vida abordo del N.B. Palmer.

What are they Doing?

An interdisciplinary team of scientists, supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), will be traveling from McMurdo Station, Antarctica to Punta Arenas, Chile aboard the U.S. research vessel Nathanial B. Palmer. While aboard, they will be collecting data from the Bellingshausen, Amundsen, and Ross Seas and the Southern Pacific Ocean. Using many different types of oceanographic instruments they will collect water samples at various depths to obtain data about the salinity, temperature, oxygen, CFCs, nutrients, ocean carbon, and other substances. Other scientists participating in the research cruise will be measuring aerosols, solar radiation, and recovering and deploying moorings that are used to collect data during the remainder of the year.

Oceans play an important role in the global carbon cycle, as they absorb and store carbon dioxide (CO2) from our atmosphere. However, the amount and rate of carbon dioxide absorption depends on many things such as phytoplankton, temperature, salinity, water currents, and location. One of the main goals of this study is to observe the changing patterns of dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in the ocean. This will give scientists the information they need to improve their forecasting abilities for the oceans and global climate.

The US Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography program began it's ship-based studies in 2003, and has since conducted similar work around the world with research cruises scheduled into 2014.

¿Qué están hacienda?

Un grupo interdisciplinario de científicos, apoyados por el NAtional Science Foundation (NSF) y la National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), viajarán de la Estación McMurdo, Antártida hasta Punta Arenas, Chile abordo del buque de investigación Nathaniel B. Palmer. Desde el buque colectarán datos de os mares Bellinghausen, Amundsen y Ross y el Pacífico del Sur. Utilizarán diferentes instrumentos oceanográficos para colectar muestras de agua a diferentes profundidades para obtener información sobre la salinidad, temperatura, oxígeno disuelto, compuestos clorofluorocarbonados (CFC), nutrientes, carbono oceánico, y otras substancias. Otros científicos en la expedición medirán aerosoles, radiación solar, y recuperarán boyas oceanográficas que se han utilizado para colectar datos en meses pasados.

Los océanos juegan un papel muy importante en el ciclo global del carbono, al absorber y almacenar dióxido de carbono (CO2) de nuestra atmósfera. Sin embargo, la cantidad de carbono y la rapidez con la que es absorbido por los océanos depende de muchas cosas, como el fitopláncton, temperatura del agua, salinidad, corrientes oceánicas, y localidad. Uno de las metas más importantes de este estudio es el observar los cambios en los patrones del dióxido de carbono en el océano. Esta información permitirá a los científicos mejorar la capacidad de predicción de sus modelos climáticos y oceánicos .

El programa US Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography (Carbono Oceánico Global e Hydrografía repetida de los EU) empezó sus investigaciones desde buques científicos en el 2003, y desde entonces ha conducido trabajos similares en diferentes cruceros por el mundo entero. Estos trabajos están programados para continuar hasta el 2014.

Resources

Title Date About Type
Overture exhibit highlights Antarctic art from Monona Grove teacher, graduates 26 April 2013 Over three months in Antarctica, PolarTREC teacher Juan Botella took hundreds of pictures a day. He... Article
Humpback Whales in the Southern Ocean Humpback Whales seen in the Southern Ocean from the icebreaker and research vessel NB Palmer during... Video
Trace Metals on CLIVAR S4P (1/3) Trace metal sampling and analysis for CLIVAR S4P aboard the icebreaker and research vessel NB... Video
Trace Metals on CLIVAR S4P (2/3) Second part of trace metal sampling and analysis for CLIVAR S4P aboard the icebreaker and research... Video
Trace Metals on CLIVAR S4P (3/3) Third part of trace metal sampling and analysis for CLIVAR S4P aboard the icebreaker and research... Video
Fondeo Fantasma Recuperación del fondeo fantasma, un fondeo que se había perdido por diez años en aguas de la... Video
Mooring recovery Mooring recovery from the icebreaker and research vessel NB Palmer during the S4P cruise in the... Video
Hydrographic sampling during CLIVAR S4P cruise Collection and preparation of hydrographic samples aboard the icebreaker and research vessel NB... Video
Despertares Morning view of Antarctic waters from the window next to my bunk, aboard the icebreaker and... Video
Trip around ChristChurch in February A video showing the ride from downtown Christchurch to the Clothing Distribution Center for... Video

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