Weddell Seals in the Ross Sea

Update

Now Archived
PolarConnect Event with Alex Eilers on 13 February 2012 from McMurdo station. You can access the archives for this event by visiting the PolarConnect Archives.

What Are They Doing?

Weddell Seal pup (Photo by Michael League)Weddell Seal pup (Photo by Michael League) Weddell seals live in the region surrounding Antarctica, and spend their time on sea ice and in the water. They get most of their food from the sea, eating fish, krill, squid, and crustaceans. They are able to stay underwater for about 80 minutes while they look for food, and are known for making very deep dives of up to 700 meters (2300 feet).

The research team was interested in learning more about Weddell seals by studying how they dive and forage for food during the winter, when days are shorter and there is more sea ice cover. They were also interested in collecting oceanographic data, such as water temperature and salinity.

The research team collected this information by traveling to places where Weddell seals were hauled out on the sea ice, and briefly capturing them. Once they captured a seal, they conducted an exam in order to determine its health and condition. The researchers also put a satellite-linked dive recorder on each seal that they captured. These devices transmit data showing where, how often, and how deep the seals are diving. In addition, the devices record the temperature and salinity of the water where seals are diving.

Currently there is not a lot of information about how Weddell seals find food during the winter. Without this information, it is difficult to predict how seals will respond to changing environmental conditions. By using the seals to collect ocean data, the team has collected important information which is used to develop models to predict the role of the Southern Ocean in global climate processes.

Where Are They?

Map of AntarcticaMap of Antarctica The team was based in McMurdo Station, Antarctica. McMurdo Station is on Ross Island, a volcanic island (with the southernmost active volcano, Mt. Erebus) south of New Zealand in the Ross Sea. The team traveled daily to seal haul outs and worked on the sea ice outside of McMurdo Station.

Journals

Scout and her pup
More Weddell seal tag recoveries Our research team has made a lot of progress this past week - We’ve been very, very busy! In the last journal we mentioned that our collaborators had found dive recorders from WS12-12 (“Boo”) and WS12-13 (“Lucky”). This week we were able to relocate these two animals and complete the physiology assessment. Both days we were working were gorgeous and warm! The team even took Big Red off awhile. This week the team also had their first encounter of the year with some emperor penguins. One of the first emperor penguins the team has seen this season. Boo...
Aussie and pup
Weddell seal team blog October 2012- Weddell seal tag recoveries Now that our seals have endured another Antarctic winter, the team has made the long trip back to McMurdo to find these guys again. 'Husky' the team mascot peering out the window. Husky in the cockpit. The tags we put on the Weddell seals can transmit data to our computers- which is what you all see on the seaturtle.org site. BUT, if we can get our hands on those tags again, we get MUCH more information. This is due to a bunch of different factors, but one major part is how much wear-and-tear the antennas on these tags...
Meet Patrick
Meet the seals! Part two Here’s the rest of our ‘seal team’… Seal 11 – ‘Granite’ Granite was tagged near Granite Harbour – about a 2 hour helicopter ride from McMurdo Station. Here are some of Granite’s basic ‘stats’. Female Weight 273 kg (602 lbs.) Standard Length 230 cm (7.5 ft.) Seal 12 – ‘Boo’ Boo got her name because in this photo she looked a bit spooked by us. Here are some of Boo’s basic ‘stats’. Female Weight 374 kg (825 lbs.) Standard Length 244 cm (8 ft.) Boo was born in 2002 – making her a little over 9 years old at the time this photo was taken. She was likely...
Meet Tripp
Meet the seals! Part one Since my return from Antarctica, the questions I’ve most often received are… ‘Did you name the seals and if so, what were their names?’ ‘How did you pick the names?’ ‘What was the largest seal you tagged?’ ‘What was the smallest seal you tagged?’ ‘How many of the seals were male and how many were female?’ ‘How old were the seals?’ These are all excellent questions so I thought I’d give you some of these basic facts – along with a ‘glamor shot’ (or two) of each! Seal 1 – ‘Aussie’ Meet Aussie – the first seal we tagged. Aussie’s name was chosen because during...
Tracking Weddell seals
Oh where, oh where are those little – I mean big - seals? Have you asked yourself that question? I know I have… And my curiosity has gotten the better of me. So what am I doing about it, you ask? That’s a great question and to find the answer I’ve checked out the following website – http://seaturtle.org/ I know, I know – you are probably asking yourself why I’m looking at a Sea Turtle website when our team tagged Weddell seals. A logical question I might add! But the nice folks at Seaturtle.org let our team use their website so – YOU – could follow our seals too! Wasn’t that nice! By...

Expedition Resources

Project Information

Dates: 5 January 2012 to 21 February 2012
Location: McMurdo Station

Meet the Team

Alex Eilers's picture
Pink Palace Museum
Memphis, TN
United States

Growing up in Chillicothe, Illinois, Alice Eilers dreamed of becoming a teacher. Ms. Eilers began her schooling at the University of Mississippi, receiving her undergraduate degree in Elementary Education in 1990 and completing her graduate degree at the University of Memphis six years later. In 1995 her dreams of becoming a teacher became a reality and she began her teaching career at the Pink Palace Museum in Memphis, Tennessee. Ms. Eilers is currently the Manager of Education and has had the pleasure of teaching a variety of subjects including astronomy, natural and cultural history to area Pre-K through 8th grade students. Ms. Eilers has also been involved in number of national teacher professional development programs. In 2008, she was selected to participate in a research project studying Leatherback Sea Turtles through the NOAA Teacher at Sea Program. Ms. Eilers is in the MESSENGER Educator Fellowship Program and has also participated in the UMASS-STEM Polar Connections Program.

Daniel Costa's picture
University of California Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, CA
United States

Daniel Costas is a professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of California Santa Cruz. His research focuses on the adaptations of marine mammals and seabirds to life in the marine environment, by studying their diving, foraging, and searching behaviors. Please read more about Dr. Costas research on the Costa Lab website.

Jennifer Burns's picture
University of Alaska
Anchorage, AK
United States

Dr. Jennifer Burns' research focuses on understanding how the age and physiological status of juvenile marine mammals influences their diving and foraging capacities, and on how differences in rates of physiological development impact life history traits. Burns currently has an active research program focused on understanding whether the rate and extent of neonatal physiological development is closely correlated with the onset of independent foraging. In her research, Burns uses a wide variety of analytical tools including computerized dive recorders, satellite telemetry and GIS techniques, as well as several more hands-on techniques such as measuring heart rate and respiration patterns, energy use, and animal condition and health status.

Eileen Hofmann's picture
Old Dominion University
Norfolk, VA
United States

Eileen Hofmann is a professor of Oceanography at the Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography within Old Dominican University. Dr. Hofmann has a wide variety of research interests ranging from describing physical oceanography to mathematical modeling of marine ecosystems.