How can the ocean be colder than 0 degrees C, the temperature at which water freezes? As it turns out, the concentration of the particles (in this case, the ions from the salt) in ocean water lowers the temperature at which the saltwater will freeze. Students will learn how ocean water freezes at a lower temperature than freshwater by
A poster by PolarTREC alum Dan Frost describing the integration of Arctic research into secondary education through a field season in Svalbard. It details possibilities for curriculum building and outreach through Arctic field work experience.
This one hour presentation by Dr. Al Werner is a professional development opportunity for educators to learn more about earth and geoscience research in Svalbard, Norway. Some noticeable technical issues are resolved a few minutes into the presentation.
This is a one hour webinar is part of the Polaris Project 2012, conducted by Max Holmes and John Schade. In this session Andy Bunn, professor at Western Washington University, presents a lecture on the history and science of climate change.
This is a one hour webinar specifically for the participants of the Polaris Project 2012, conducted by Max Holmes and John Schade. In this session, a variety of team members present their scientific work.
This presentation is part of the Polaris Project Webinar Series preparing participants for the field season 2012. This is one of two lectures to view for Session Two. You need to also watch the Sobczak Presentation Archive.